“Delight in the Enigma of the Sky-Blue Beauty: Varieties of Plum-throated Cotinga”

The plum-throated cotinga, also known as a tig, is a bird that birdwatchers love to spot in the tropical forests of Central and South America, spanning from Nicaragua to Bolivia. This tiny bird, measuring approximately 6 inches, is famous for its vibrant plumage and unique call.

The male plum-throated cotinga boasts a striking deep purple throat and chest, complemented by a dazzling blue back and tail. Meanwhile, the females sport a lighter-colored neck and chest, paired with a greenish-brown back and tail. Both sexes are distinguished by their bright crimson eyes that pop against their dark feathers.


One of the standout features of the plum-throated cotinga is its unique call. The male cotingas have a distinctive high-pitched whistle that can be heard from far away. This cry is used to ward off rival males and catch the attention of potential mates. Meanwhile, the females of the species use a softer, gentler call to communicate with their offspring.


The plum-throated cotinga’s diet mainly consists of fruit, such as different types of berries and small fruits. They also sometimes eat insects and other small invertebrates. These birds are often spotted in the upper levels of the forest, where they can easily find their preferred foods.


Regrettably, the plum-throated cotinga, along with numerous other tropical bird species, is facing a danger due to habitat loss and deforestation. The population of these birds is declining as their natural surroundings are being destroyed. Conservation efforts are currently underway to protect their reduced habitat and ensure the survival of this migratory bird in the wild.


The lush tropical forests of Central and South America provide a habitat for the beautiful and unique plum-throated cotinga bird. With its vibrant feathers and distinctive call, spotting this bird is a popular goal for bird enthusiasts. Sadly, the destruction of its habitat through deforestation puts this rare species at risk, highlighting the importance of conservation efforts to ensure its continued existence.

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